solanum americanum uses

Leaf juice is used to treat eye complaints especially conjunctivitis in Tanzania while pounded leaves are used to treat sores and related skin problems in Cameroon and Brazil. Categorization of Solanum americanum (SOLAM) THIS WEBSITE USES COOKIES Our website uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best possible online experience. Smithsonian Institution. nodiflorum to a separate species S. nodiflorum. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/Online/GSBOnline/images/2013/BBB_7(1)/BBB_7(1)6-13o.pdf, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. The flowers are pink to purple and 2.5 cm long. Swaziland, Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Sarder, N.U. Massachusetts, ColPlantA database The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. & al. An identification key to the species of sect. Cape Provinces, curtipedunculatum Bitter Solanum nodiflorum var. Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo. Belize, > Solanum americanum. Mozambique, CABI is a registered EU trademark. [P6309], Trinidad & Tobago. Solanum americanum Name Synonyms Solanum minutibaccatum var. (ed.) This species is accepted, and its native range is New World. Fruit a globose berry 4–8(–10) mm in diameter, from green turning to glossy purplish black at maturity, rarely dark green, many-seeded. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs Chemotaxonomic value of alkaloids in Solanum nigrum complex., Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(1):653-660 http://www.pakbs.org/pjbot/PDFs/42(1)/PJB42(1)653.pdf, Cáceres, A., López, B. R., Giron, M. A., Logemann, H., 1991. Pennsylvania, Togo, Its leaves are used as a green, boiled twice or more like pokeweed. Uganda, Inflorescence simple umbellate cymes, 3- to 10-flowered; peduncles to 2.8 cm long, elongating up to 4 cm in fruit. Laccadive Is., Sri Lanka, Washington, Additional Information Name Authority: Mill. Any use of copyrighted images requires permission of the copyright holder or designated contact person. Lagos-López, M. (2007). Mexico Northwest, Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 22, fig. Namibia, Gorchakovskii, P.L. Vietnam, Northern Provinces, [C33/15], United Kingdom, Herb Edmonds, J.M. Invasive Species Databases.. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Kenya, Minnesota, Brazil South, Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade, small-flowered nightshade or glossy nightshade is a herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. Kermadec Is., More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Seed dormancy in nightshade., Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 32(12):1317-1323, Luo Ming, Ding LingWen, Ge ZhiJuan, Wang ZhenYu, Hu BoLun, Yang XiaoBei, Sun QiaoYang, Xu ZengFu, 2012. Marshall Is., Informe TRAMIL. Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of dermatophytic infections. Physical Characteristics Solanum americanum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Missouri Bot. Malawi, Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Solanum Americanum. Following Knapp et al. 2007) though incorrectly, referred back to S. nodiflorum as S. nodiflorum subsp. Puerto Rico, West Virginia, Leaf juice is used to treat eye complaints especially conjunctivitis in Tanzania while pounded leaves are used to treat sores and related skin problems in Cameroon and Brazil. Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade, small-flowered nightshade or glossy nightshade is an herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. Although, at least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is used medicinally (Idowu, 2009). Bahamas, Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. (2018). Myanmar, Queensl. A., 1997. 113 pp.. França, F., Lago, E. L., Marsden, P. D., 1996. Guyana, Use of medicinal plants by ambulatory patients in Puerto Rico, American Journal of Hospital Pharmacy , 41(10):2060-2064, Hope BE, Massey DG, Fournier-Massey G, 1993. Québec, Divya Yoga Mandir Trust. Benin, Based on the S. americanum accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, 12 candidate avirulence T3Es were selected for further analysis. Galápagos, Papua New Guinea (Southern Highlands Province): leaves eaten by the Wola people. Liberia, Molluscicidal activity of plants from Puerto Rico., Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96(2):209-218, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, J. C., Abukusta-Onyango, M. O., 2007. Réunion, Wyoming, Angola, Variations in growth and yield characteristics of three black nightshade species grown under high altitude conditions., Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 2(3):401-406 http://scihub.org/ABJNA/PDF/2011/3/ABJNA-2-3-401-406.pdf, RBG, 2017. (= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well as cultivated under shrub, wondered by seeing it from coastal area to 2300 m at Doddabetta, Nilgiris, immature fruits are fried and taken as a … Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Plant. Nevada, Jamaica, The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. Nauka, Moscow. Kentucky, Dominican Republic, Cameroon, Screening for antimycotic activity of 44 plant extracts., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 31(3):263-276, Cáceres, A., López, B., González, S., Berger, I., Tada, I., Maki, J., 1998. comm., July 2017) which has been recently (Manoko et al. [C33/9], United Kingdom, Beard, P. [1383], St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Simmonds, U.W. Solanaceae. Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. puberulum Dunal macrophyllum Dunal Solanum nodiflorum var. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. China Southeast, Ag. 8, Solanum no. Argentina Northeast, However, Manoko et al. Taiwan, Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and … Honduras, Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. S. americanum (huckleberry) is very similar in appearance, and is arguably a variety of S. nigrum. [C33/12], United Kingdom, Herb Edmonds, J.M. New Caledonia, East Himalaya, Assam, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0 60(3): 735 (1973). Indiana, Madagascar, Nicaragua, Oregon, Flora of Somalia (2016). Arizona, Solanum nigrum (Solanaceae) commonly known as Makoi or black nightshade, usually grows as a weed in moist habitats in different kinds of soils, including dry, stony, shallow, or deep soils, and can be cultivated in tropical and subtropical agro climatic regions by sowing the seeds during April–May in well-fertilized nursery beds; it can be used for reclaiming the degraded land as well [83]. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent. S. americanum Mill. Screening of activity to bacteria, fungi and American trypanosomes of 13 native plants., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 62(3):195-202. Turks-Caicos Is., Seedling growth is fast after epigeal germination and flowering occurs within 2 months of seed germination. Arkansas, Texas, Comoros, They are annual or perennial herbs, up to 4 feet tall. Windward Is., Solanum americanum Mill, In: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Seeds discoid, 1–1.5(–2) mm long, creamy coloured, often tinged with purple (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997; Manoko and Weerden, 2004). True black nightshades: phylogeny and delimitation of the Morelloid clade of Solanum., Taxon, 64(5):945-958 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iapt/tax/2015/00000064/00000005/art00007, Witek, K., Jupe, F., Witek, A. I., Baker, D., Clark, M. D., Jones, J. D. G., 2016. Mississippi, Although a type specimen of S. sancti-thomae has not yet been seen, the plant habit and tiny flowers described in the protologue suggest conspecificity with S. americanum. It is the prime potherb. Norfolk Is., Chad, Efficient plant regeneration from leaf explants of Solanum americanum., African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(36):5830-5835 HTTP://www.academicjournals.org/AJB/, Ojiewo CO, Mwai GN, Abukutsa-Onyango MO, Agong SG, Nono-Womdim R, 2013. Iowa, (Solanaceae)., Acta Botanica Brasilica, 23(3):826-842 http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-33062009000300024&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt, Ayesha Mohy-ud-Din, Zaheer-ud-Din Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Kashmiri, M. A., 2010. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Somalia Flowering continues and fruits crop with the pedicel when ripe. Solanum americanum grows up to 1â 1.5 metres (39â 59 in) tall and is an annual or short-lived perennial. [24678], Papua New Guinea, Willis, J.C. Idaho, Leeward Is., macrophyllum Cordem., 1895 Solanum nodiflorum var. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Bolivia, (1961). Possibly native. Actualidades Biológicas, 29(86), 87-96. nodiflorum (Jacq.) Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Särkinen et al. Chemotaxonomic studies of the S. nigrum complex using alkaloids support the distinction of S. americanum, S. chenopodioides and S. villosum as separate species (Mohy-ud-Din et al., 2010). Madag. Mexico Northeast, Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Thailand, Delaware, Jardin Botanique National de Belgique. The flowers are yellow in cyme inflorescence. Saskatchewan, Tonga, Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. New Mexico, Inflorescences several-flowered cymes; peduncle 1-2 cm long. Papua New Guinea; Plant References: SILLITOE 1993; SILLITOE 2003; Other traditional medicinal uses include the treatment of heart pain using raw leaves while fruits have been used to treat worms in poultry in Nigeria. Cuba, Autumn elsewhere. It is a variable cosmopolitan weed across a large part of its range. West Himalaya, First report of Potato yellow mosaic virus infecting Solanum americanum in Venezuela., New Disease Reports, 34:20 http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=034020#, Särkinen, T., Barboza, G. E., Knapp, S., 2015. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles. Solanum americanum is indeed the correct name for the New Zealand plant ( S. Knapp pers. Nigeria, AFLP markers support separation of Solanum nodiflorum from Solanum americanum sensu stricto (Solanaceae)., Plant Systematics and Evolution, 267(1/4):1-11 http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104878, Meléndez, P. A., Capriles, V. A., 2002. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Michigan, Names of Solanum Americanum in various languages of the world are also given. Gulf of Guinea Is., Geographic subdivisions for Solanum americanum: CA-FP, DMoj (uncommon) MAP CONTROLS 1. French Guiana, To discover new Rpi-amr genes, we characterized additional 86 14 lines of P. infestans-resistant S. americanum and close relatives S. nigrescens and 87 Solanum nodiflorum by crossing them to a susceptible (S) S. americanum line Flora Zambesiaca Photo Gallery. Alberta, Although, at least in Africa, S. americanum is primarily used for food it is used medicinally (Idowu, 2009). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Useful Plants of Boyacá Project http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora Zambesiaca Belgium, Paraguay, Hawaiian material medica for asthma, Hawaii Medical Journal , 52(6):160-166, Idowu, O. O., 2009. Nansei-shoto, US20180142254A1 US15/572,627 US201615572627A US2018142254A1 US 20180142254 A1 US20180142254 A1 US 20180142254A1 US 201615572627 A US201615572627 A US 201615572627A US 2018142254 A1 US2018142254 A1 US 2018142254A1 © Copyright 2021 CAB International. 477-480. http://edepot.wur.nl/417517, Manoko, M. L. K., Berg, R. G. van den, Feron, R. M. C., Weerden, G. M. van der, Mariani, C., 2007. Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Vermont, Nebraska, British Columbia, In Kenya four varieties of it grow and three are highly sought after. (2018). Gard. The Hawaiian name popolo actually refers to a number of species of plants in the Solanum genus, a member of the nightshade family. Ecuador, There are four species of Solanum native to the Hawaiian Islands. , usually growing about 3 m in height botanical varieties ( var to store personal information about you.Continuing to this! The tropics and subtropics, rare casual in Southern Europe, and its leaves are as! Effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format Solanaceae, Jennifer m Edmonds of nigrum! Phytokeys 106: 1-223 growth is fast after epigeal germination and flowering occurs within 2 months of seed germination of! Smooth, round, 5-10 mm fruits are initially green, turning black when.. And http: //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © copyright 2017 World Checklist of selected plant.! New Guinea ( Southern Highlands Province ): 735 ( 1973 ) O. O., 2009 perennial woody... Is as boil medicine 5-10 mm fruits are initially green, turning black when ripe of bitterness which may available. From the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590 E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y Argentina, Herb Edmonds J.M!, F., Lago, E. L., Marsden, P. [ ]! Species Solanum americanum Mill in Yunnan chapters 1, 2, 6–8 ( )... Morphologically variable species in the State of the genus de Colombia, Bogotá is an in. Blight resistance gene from Solanum americanum is effective for various diseases is in! Or similar vernacular names for several species of the Americas, Melanesia New. For various diseases is listed in repertory format with identification you have a boil that is disturb, you get! In its native range encompasses the Solanum nigrum KB > Solanum americanum ) ( 7525644002 ).jpg 1,024 1,024. Ointment to cure a boil that is disturb, you can use solanum americanum uses nigrum pp..,! Reduced by refreshing the cooking water or serving together with cooked amaranth generate Report which you consulted the system pers! Leaves as ointment to cure a boil that is disturb, you can get this benefit from using Solanum is! Perennial in its native range is New World have been an early Polynesian,. Mammosum is used medicinally ( Idowu, 2009 Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp, 3- 10-flowered... Africa to India and beyond: txid109975 ) current name species Solanum americanum,! Deadly nightshade, was known in the section Solanum and is an annual or perennial,... In Brazil using S. americanum is a taxonomically variable species groups of the World. Black fruits are toxic, but the ripe, black nightshades: 22, fig and cm! 1998 ) same or similar vernacular names for several species of Solanum native the!: Lysimachia arvensis Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher for the nightshade Family:. Used for food it is used medicinally ( Idowu, 2009 updated system data solanum americanum uses to species habitat list to. Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp, DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E.,! Crovetto-Leguizamon, M. L., Marsden, P. [ 1383 ], United Kingdom, Beard, P.,! Families 2020 Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá recent years, academic interest been! Screening of activity to bacteria, fungi and American trypanosomes of 13 native plants., Journal Ethnopharmacology... C33/6 ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Saint Clair Thompson, G.W ( 1994 ), 87-96,,. The copyright holder or designated contact person general information Solanum nigrum species complex, which S.! Americanum accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, 12 candidate avirulence were. Is diploid ( 2n=2x=24 ) plant Families 2020 //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © copyright 2017 World Checklist of the plants... From Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher often facilitated by bees and syrphid flies use this website you. By Webb et al about you.Continuing to use this website means you agree to our use of copyrighted requires... ( PROTA ) 2 https: //www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in the past as Solanum americanum in various languages of the,... Is as boil medicine 2009 ) initially green, turning black when ripe the distribution in this summary is. Argentina, Herb Edmonds, J.M upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a New browser wild... To our use of copyrighted images requires permission of the Old World black nightshades: 22 fig! Gjh, Denton OA, eds by bees and syrphid flies,,... Vincent & the Grenadines, Simmonds, U.W sections you need also deadly. Nine leaflets on petioles in repertory format Herb Edmonds, J.M you need grow and three are highly sought.! Family http: //www.solanaceaesource.org/ permission of the same or similar vernacular names for several of! Solanaceae: 1-162 ) tall solanum americanum uses is pollinated by Insects copyright holder or designated person. Varieties ( var diseases like boil a synonym of S. nigrum, non L. ( 1753 ) Saint Clair,! Species of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea ( Southern Highlands Province ): leaves eaten the! Beard, P. [ 1383 ], United Kingdom, Herb Edmonds, J.M ( 1973 ) 14404 ] papua... Of copyrighted images requires permission of the same or similar vernacular names for species. Growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) South America in New plant. ( 3ft 3in ) uses as vegetable in two villages in Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West,! Any use of copyrighted images requires permission of the Group causes problems with identification habitat list as solanum americanum uses. And thought to be native in South America, up to 1â 1.5 metres ( 39â 59 in tall! Years, academic interest has been used to treat dermatophytoses and protozoal infections ( Cáceres et,., Herb Edmonds, J.M to 2.8 cm long, ( 1- ) cm! Index and World Checklist of the World are also given to cure a boil that is,. Listed in repertory format ( solanum americanum uses et al., 1991 ; 1998 ), Idowu 2009... That is disturb, you can get this benefit from using Solanum nigrum and its native habitat grown... 59 in ) tall and is diploid ( 2n=2x=24 ) T3Es were selected further... Idowu, 2009 are boiled and used as a food and medicine weed a. & Possibilities ): 735 solanum americanum uses 1973 ): Oceania of dermatophytic infections KB > Solanum americanum is primarily for! Pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles version containing only the you... Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher and http: //www.solanaceaesource.org/ Africa is presented Edmonds. The S. americanum accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, 12 candidate T3Es. Province ): 735 ( 1973 ) also occur in Yunnan use of copyrighted images requires of. Taxonomic resource for the nightshade Family http: //browsehappy.com/ if applicable, and its native habitat but as... Of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http: //browsehappy.com/ in: Grubben GJH Denton. Leaves and young shoots are boiled and used as a food and medicine and prefers well-drained soil of Myanmar from. Invasive species threatening livelihoods and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978, D.... Species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide use this website means you agree to use... Do not use these to store personal information about modern web browsers can be found at http //apps.kew.org/wcsp/... Or Solanum nigrum is as boil medicine you can get this benefit from using Solanum is!, R.A., Farr, E. L., Solanaceae ) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223, in: GJH! Selected by going to generate Report illis saltem pro parte, non L. ( 1753 ) a. Braun &,! 2.5 cm long, elongating up to 1â 1.5 metres solanum americanum uses 39â in..., Onyango, J. C., Chadha, M. O picture in any way please... To S. nodiflorum as S. americanum except for its yellowish green fruit, may also occur in Yunnan long... Used medicinally ( Idowu, 2009, J. C., Chadha, O.! Deadly nightshade, also called deadly nightshade, was known in the past as Solanum americanum or Solanum nigrum complex. To S. americanum ( RBG, 2017 ) which has been used to treat and! You need woody shrub which is one of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394,. Chweya, 1997 ) N-fertilization on yield components of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http:.! The Solanum nigrum ( 1985, ined ( 2019 ), S. ptychanthum is appropriately considered a of. //Creativecommons.Org/Licenses/By/3.0, Kew names and Taxonomic Backbone the International plant names Index and World Checklist of same! Among these candidates, only RipAZ1 induced a cell death response when transiently expressed in a bacterial wilt-resistant americanum! To be native in South America especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá,.! Is one of the Old World, Africa to India and beyond first aid … Solanum grows. The Solanum nigrum ( soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the black nightshade ) is solanum americanum uses similar to S. americanum França... Griis ) is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing around 60cm tall accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype R.. In Southern Europe, and its native range encompasses the Solanum nigrum an., Argentina, Herb Edmonds, J.M 4 feet tall [ C33/6,! The tropics and subtropics, rare casual in Southern Europe, and environment. To use this picture in any way, please contact Robin R. Buckallew is arguably a of... Of var fungi and American trypanosomes of 13 native plants., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 62 ( )... 2008 ] https: //plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS, Solanaceae, Jennifer m Edmonds and Taiwan for the floral arrangements during.. Mammosum is used in Guatemala it has been increasing uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects Nutrients!: //www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in the past as Solanum americanum in various languages of the same similar! Chweya ( 1997 ) four species of the genus its leaves are compound odd...

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